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  • Several improvements to formula parsing in the modeling functions. It is now possible to have random effects for factors, have multiple, non-correlated random effects, random effects for which there are no fixed effects, and several edge cases relating to non-syntactic variables have been corrected. (#56, #54)
  • Models should now be compatible with sim_slopes() and johnson_neyman() from the interactions package. Note that this compatibility is pending an update to that package. (#57)

panelr 0.7.8

CRAN release: 2023-08-22

  • Includes a back-end update for continued compatibility with tibble. (#55)
  • Fixes a testing issue that caused the package’s removal from CRAN.

panelr 0.7.7

CRAN release: 2023-02-09

  • Includes back-end changes for compatibility with recent updates to skimr, dplyr, and purrr. Users should not notice any change in behavior from these.
  • When users do not want long_panel() to check whether values are varying, it no longer performs a series of operations that are rendered unnecessary. This will slightly speed up performance when check.varying = FALSE. (#44)
  • Very small performance improvement when using long_panel() and are_varying() functions.

panelr 0.7.6

CRAN release: 2021-12-17

Compatibility update for upcoming changes to the clubSandwich. Thanks to James Pustejovksy for submitting the necessary fixes.

panelr 0.7.5

CRAN release: 2021-01-18

Re-release: There are no changes, but panelr was removed from CRAN because one of the packages it depended on had also been removed. That package is now back on CRAN, so panelr will return as well.

panelr 0.7.4

CRAN release: 2020-09-24

Re-release: There are no changes, but panelr was removed from CRAN because one of the packages it depended on had also been removed. That package is now back on CRAN, so panelr will return as well.

panelr 0.7.3

CRAN release: 2020-06-23


  • Fixes several problems induced by recent dplyr updates. (#28, #29)
  • Allow dates to serve as the wave variable.
  • Fixes issues related to upcoming update to the broom package. (#30)
  • Updated citation to Giesselmann and Schmidt-Catran’s (2020) article, no longer just a working paper. Thanks to Marco for letting me know.

panelr 0.7.2

CRAN release: 2020-03-08


  • long_panel() now handles numeric waves correctly when the input data are unbalanced.
  • Fixed bug related to changes in brms package’s interface for autocorrelated errors.
  • Eliminated warning from update to tidyr package.

panelr 0.7.1

CRAN release: 2019-07-12


  • Multi-part random effects specification is supported in wbm() (#14; thanks @strengejacke).
  • Improved support for labelled data (#12).
  • Conversion from pdata.frame to panel_data has been fixed.
  • Added argument to make_wb_data().
  • The behavior predict.wbm() and predict.wbgee() has been improved. Notably, the DV does not need to be included in newdata and the ID variable is only required when necessary.
  • Fixed error with custom random effect and interaction terms (#18).

panelr 0.7.0

CRAN release: 2019-05-16

Lots of new stuff! CRAN coming soon as well.

  • wbgee() works just like wbm(), except uses GEE (via the geepack package) for estimation. This can give you more trustworthy results under some circumstances and is much less likely to have convergence problems.
  • fdm() estimates first differences models via GLS (from the nlme package).
  • asym() estimates the linear asymmetric effects model described by Allison (2019) via first differences.
  • asym_gee() estimates a similar asymmetric effects model to the one using cumulative differences described in Allison (2019), but using GEE rather than conditional logit.
  • heise() produces stability and reliability estimates via the popular method described in Heise (1969).
  • Two new datasets have been added (nlsy and teen_poverty).
  • A new vignette gives a relatively detailed discussion of the models implemented in the package.

panelr 0.6.0

New stuff: * There is now a vignette to walk users through the process of reshaping panel data. * There is now more sophisticated handling of interactions between time-varying variables in line with the recommendations of Giesselmann and Schmidt-Catran (2018). * are_varying() can now also assess individual-level variation, so using the type = "individual" argument you can instead assess variables like age that vary over time but change equally for every case. * wbm() can now handle transformed dependent variables (e.g. log(y)). Transformations on the right-hand side of the equation were always supported. * panel_data objects are now quite a bit more difficult to break by accidentally subsetting the ID and wave columns out of existence. Now, subsetting via data[], select() and implicitly via transmute() will never remove the ID and wave columns. You will also be warned if you arrange() a panel_data object since it will generally break lag() functions. * panel_data objects now store information about what the periods are for the data, which you can access with the get_periods() function. For example, if the waves in your data are the numbers 1 through 7, that’s what you’ll get. This is more useful when the periods are irregular, such as if the waves are the years of a biennial survey.

Bugfixes: * The way lagged predictors are mean-centered is now consistent with the conventional fixed effects estimator. Results may change non-trivially due to this change. Previously, the mean used for mean-centering was based on all waves of data, but now it is based on all waves except the number of lags away from the latest wave. * Detrending has also been tweaked to work comparably with the changes to the mean-centering. * You now can add the wave variable to wbm() in the formula without running into cryptic errors. * Fixed a problem in which transformed variables (like lag(x)) could not be included as a user-specified random effect. Pre-0.5.0, these could be included if they were surrounded by backticks, but now that hack is unnecessary and does not work. * make_wb_data() is now updated to work with other internal updates introduced in 0.5.0. * long_panel() was never really working right when the source data’s labels were located at the beginning (i.e., label_location = "beginning"). It is now much more robust. * wbm()’s wave.factor argument had become non-functional for some time but is now fixed.

panelr 0.5.0

Starting to polish things up for CRAN.

Key changes:

  • panel_data frames now always place the id and wave columns first (in that order).
  • wbm() can now handle time-varying factors appropriately. Do note that it only uses treatment contrasts, however. (#8)
  • There is a new function, line_plot(), to help you explore trends in data. It’s a little rough around the edges for now.
  • Summaries of wbm objects are now a bit more streamlined and nice-looking.
  • There are now tidy() and glance() methods (from the broom package) for wbm objects. (#4)
  • as_panel_data() is an alias for panel_data() when supplying a data frame and an S3 method otherwise. It can be used to convert pdata.frame objects from the plm package to panel_data.
  • Formulas provided to wbm() are now converted to Formula objects to make working with their multiple parts easier (see the Formula package for more info).
  • There is now a summary method for panel_data frames, which works best if you have skimr installed. You can use dplyr::select() style syntax to select which variables you want to describe and choose to get descriptives by wave and/or entity.

panelr 0.4.1

This version has switched the default degrees of freedom calculation for linear wbm models to Satterthwaite, which are more computationally efficient and less prone to breaking R. They are also calculated on a per-variable basis. Kenward-Roger standard errors and degrees of freedom can be requested with the t.df = "Kenward-Roger" argument.

panelr 0.4.0

This version includes some major under-the-hood changes, converting from an S3 object representation to S4. This allows the wbm objects to formally be extensions of merMod objects, meaning any method that could apply to wbm but isn’t formally implemented will fall back to the merMod implementation.

The panel_data class no longer hardcodes the id and wave variables as “id” and “wave”. Instead, they remain whatever they are named and the panelr functions will simply know which variables are these special ones.

A new function, make_wb_data, allows users to do the data prepping that wbm does internally without having to use all the modeling choices made by wbm.

panelr 0.3.4

A series of helper functions have been added to make wbm objects behave more like regular model objects. Now update, formula, terms, model.frame, coef, predict, and several more are defined for wbm.

The summary function for wbm has been refined and had some minor bugs squished.

panelr 0.3.3

More tweaks to widen_panel, giving users the option to opt out of the feature introduced in 0.3.2 that stores data about varying and constant variables from long_panel. Since poor data labeling in the original wide data can cause those stored attributes to be wrong, users can use ignore.attributes = TRUE with widen_panel to force checking for varying variables with are_varying. Users can now also supply a vector of varying variables, similar to reshape in base R.

panelr 0.3.2

This small update adds an enhancement to long_panel and widen_panel. If you start with wide data, convert it to long format, and then want to convert back to wide, the panel_data object in long format will cache information about the variables to drastically speed up widen_panel when you run it again.

Additionally, are_varying was sped up by about 50%, though it slows widen_panel down for data with many variables.

panelr 0.3.1

Tiny bugfixes:

  • long_panel would error when supplied a tibble rather than a base data.frame.
  • There were namespace issues related to the magrittr operators used internally.

panelr 0.3.0

New functions:

  • widen_panel converts your panel_data object to wide format, with one row per entity. This can be useful for SEM analysis and some other things.
  • long_panel does a much more difficult thing, which is convert wide-formatted data to the more conventional long panel data format. It contains several means for parsing the variable names of the wide formatted data to produce a sensible long data frame with all the time-variant variables accounted for properly. Unlike reshape, it can deal with unbalanced data.
  • are_varying is a function that can let you check whether variables in long-formatted panel data vary over time or not.

panelr 0.2.0

New feature:

  • detrend and balance_correction arguments were added to wbm to implement the procedures described in Curran and Bauer (2011). These, respectively, account for over-time trends in the predictors and correcting between-subject effects when panels are unbalanced.

panelr 0.1.1

  • Added a file to track changes to the package.
  • Added infrastructure for CRAN submission.
  • Improved documentation and added references.
  • Added README.

panelr 0.1.0

  • Got things working such that it can be shared outside the maintainer’s own computers.
  • Added WageData example, documentation, etc.
  • Unit testing and automated tests through Travis and Appveyor.